B-type procyanidins, made of catechin oligomers, are a class of polyphenols found abundantly in foods like cocoa, apples, grape seeds, and red wine. Several studies have established the benefits of these micronutrients in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases and strokes.
Expanding the eligibility criteria for low-dose CT (LDCT) screening for lung cancer can increase the number of women and Black persons who can benefit from screening, according to a study published in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.
Parkinson's is a complex disease to diagnose and relies on practitioners' ability to recognize a myriad of different symptoms. Professor Perdita Barran and Joy Milne are working on ways to improve Parkinson's diagnosis.
For-profit children's homes provide poorer quality services for children in care than homes run by Local Authorities, according to research from the University of Oxford's Department for Social Policy and Intervention. Based on the use of Ofsted ratings, the research has been published in Social Science and Medicine.
ESiOR OY—a health economics and outcomes research expert company—along with University Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland Pharmacy, and biopharma company UCB Pharma Oy Finland studied Finnish epilepsy patients and their close relations' epilepsy awareness and treatment satisfaction. According to the study partners, these aspects have not been studied in Finland before.
Recent evidence has shown people across the UK are dying younger as a result of austerity, with people living in the poorest areas hardest hit. A new study published today now quantifies the scale of these deaths.
Modeling the growth cycle of a neuron is tricky, as neurons are formed for vastly different functions all over the body. However, every neuron begins its life in about the same way and goes through five distinct stages of development. A multi-disciplinary team of Carnegie Mellon University engineers led by Jessica Zhang, the George Tallman Ladd and Florence Barrett Ladd Professor in Mechanical Engineering, has published a research paper outlining a new way of modeling neurons and their growth...
Therapeutically targeting ion channels in nociceptor neurons may be a promising strategy to manage osteoarthritis pain, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in Cell Reports.
It's expected that something without any monetary cost will experience greater demand than if there was an associated cost. However, the exact nature of the zero-price point has not been investigated outside of experimental trials until now. Researchers explored the "zero-price effect" of certain health care services in Japan. Variations in regional health care pricing structures gave the researchers a unique chance to study the real world consequences of zero pricing in health care. Their...
People often need to adapt to unexpected and sudden events, such as a road construction or a road accident while driving, a broken automatic payment or ATM machine, and changes in weather. To effectively deal with these events, they must possess what is known as behavioral flexibility, or the ability to deviate from routine and well-establish behavioral patterns.
The human heart is an intricate, complex organ and, like a car that starts sputtering, its function deteriorates for all sorts of reasons. Cardiomyopathy—any disease of the heart muscle that makes it pump blood less effectively—can be caused by blockages, thickened muscles, or enlarged heart chambers, among other things. For clinicians, differentiating and properly diagnosing these types of diseases can be difficult.