• High Costs Seen for Nonoperative Therapy for Late-Stage Knee Arthritis Prior to TKA

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with late-stage knee osteoarthritis (OA) incur significant costs for nonoperative treatments in the year before total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and the type and cost of these treatments vary considerably, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.Darren Z. Nin, Ph.D., from New England Baptist Hospital in Boston, and colleagues used data from the IBM Watson Health MarketScan databases to identify...

  • COVID-19 Pandemic Tied to Burnout in Health Care Professionals

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- The COVID-19 pandemic is associated with higher burnout among health care professionals (HCPs), particularly patient-facing HCPs, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in BJPsych Open.Vikas Kapil, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., from the Queen Mary University of London, and colleagues longitudinally examined mental health in 1,574 HCPs versus 147 non-HCPs and patient-facing HCPs versus non-patient-facing HCPs. The analysis included survey responses from...

  • Particle Radioactivity in Air Pollution Tied to CVD Mortality

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Particle radioactivity, measured as gross β activity from highly resolved spatiotemporal predictions, is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.Shuxin Dong, from the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, and colleagues examined the association between particle radioactivity and mortality for CVD, myocardial infarction...

  • AI-Enabled Retinal Vasculometry May Help Assess Vascular Health

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled retinal vasculometry (RV) can help predict circulatory mortality, incident stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online Oct. 4 in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.Alicja Regina Rudnicka, M.D., from St. George's University of London, and colleagues used images from 88,052 U.K. Biobank participants and 7,411 European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk participants...

  • Acetaminophen Exposure in Utero Tied to Child Neurobehavioral Problems

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to acetaminophen during pregnancy is associated with attention and sleep problems in offspring at age 3 years, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in PLOS ONE.Kristin K. Sznajder, Ph.D., M.P.H., from Pennsylvania State University in Hershey, and colleagues examined associations between prenatal acetaminophen exposure and offspring neurobehavioral problems at the age of 3 years. The analysis included 2,423 mother-child pairs...

  • Long-Term Outcomes of PCI, CABG Compared for Multivessel CAD

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, the rates of major adverse cardiac events and safety events do not differ for those receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with everolimus-eluting stent or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Circulation to coincide with the annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics conference, held from Sept. 16 to 19 in Boston.Jung-Min Ahn,...

  • Medical Groups Urge Protections for Health Workers Providing Gender-Affirming Care

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Three leading medical groups have asked the U.S. Department of Justice to investigate growing threats to doctors, hospitals and families providing and seeking gender-affirming care.In a letter to U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American Medical Association (AMA) and Children's Hospital Association (CHA) called for swift action to investigate and prosecute all organizations and individuals...

  • AI Model Quantifies Coronary Artery Calcium From PET CTAC Scans

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Deep-learning (DL) positron emission tomography (PET) computed tomography (CT) attenuation correction (CTAC) scan scores may predict cardiovascular risk similarly to standard coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.Konrad Pieszko, M.D., Ph.D., from Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, and colleagues adapted a novel DL model, developed for video applications, to rapidly...

  • Deep Brain Stimulation May Ease Symptoms of Severe OCD

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Deep brain stimulation (DBS) may reduce symptoms in patients with treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online Sept. 20 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.Ron Gadot, from the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, and colleagues examined current evidence on the efficacy of DBS in alleviating OCD and comorbid depressive symptoms. Studies reporting primary data...

  • Coldplay Suspends Tour Over Chris Martin's 'Serious Lung Infection'

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- The band Coldplay said Wednesday that it has to postpone several shows in Brazil because its lead singer, Chris Martin, has a “serious lung infection" and must rest for the next three weeks. The band made the announcement on its website and social media.“We’re optimistic that Chris will return to good health after the prescribed medical break and look forward to resuming the tour as soon as possible,” the band said in its statement. “To everyone...

  • Migraine May Increase Subsequent Dementia Risk

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Migraine is associated with an increased risk for subsequent dementia, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in The Journal of Headache and Pain.Kyungduk Hurh, from Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, South Korea, and colleagues used data from the Korean National Health Insurance Health Screening Cohort (2002 to 2019) to evaluate whether patients with migraine have an increased risk for dementia versus individuals without migraine....

  • Yoga, Mindfulness Could Be Powerful Tools to Manage Blood Sugar

    WEDNESDAY, Oct. 5, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Yoga, meditation and other mindfulness practices may help people with type 2 diabetes lower their blood sugar — nearly to the degree that standard medications like metformin do, a new analysis suggests.That does not mean people should swap their medication for meditation. The trials in the analysis all tested body-mind practices as an addition to standard diabetes treatment — not as a replacement for it.That caveat made, the researchers said...